What is the scientific attitude and why is it important for critical thinking?
"Having a scientific attitude consists in being willing to accept only carefully and objectively verified facts, and to hold a single fact above the authority of the oldest theories. Nothing can be called scientific that is not based on such an attitude." Boris Podolsky, (1965).
Yes indeed, we need to have willingness to give up an old established theory and identify new ideas without being misled by hindsight bias and overconfidence. Having scientific attitude is not only the needs skepticism but also humility. There would be no branch of new knowledge discovered without this scientific attitude.
Critical thinking is a process of analyzing arguments and conclusions. It is a process of examining the offered evidence and reasoning, and forming reasonable judgments about the facts. Without the critical thinking ability, we would be misled to our high sight bias and overconfidence of our judgments.